CMBS 2.0 Hotel, Retail Loans Spur Rise in Delinquencies

Yardi Matrix's Paul Fiorilla sizes up the spike in delinquencies in the new generation of CMBS.
Paul Fiorilla, Director of Research, Yardi Matrix

Driven by cash flow disruptions among retail and hotel properties, CMBS delinquencies more than doubled in June to 5.8 percent and could potentially more than double again within two months, according to Moody’s Investors Service.

The rating agency said in a report this week that June produced the largest one-month increase in the delinquency rate of conduit CMBS, which refers to pools of mixed-loan types and multiple borrowers. Moody’s said that the total conduit CMBS delinquency rate would rise to 10.1 percent in July and 14.3 percent in August if all properties with missed payments in June remain delinquent over the next two months.

The report noted that before COVID-19, loans 30–59 days delinquent would often become current, but “given the business interruptions caused by the pandemic, the late payment status is more indicative of continuing issues, particularly for properties directly impacted, such as retail and hotel assets.”

As of June, 13.3 percent of hotel loans in CMBS conduit pools were delinquent, as was 24.4 percent of all hotel CMBS, according to Trepp. (Total CMBS numbers also include single-borrower securitizations.) The numbers are only slightly better for retail, for which the June delinquency rate is 8.3 percent for conduit CMBS and 18.1 percent of all CMBS. Total CMBS delinquency as of June was 3.4 percent for multifamily properties, 2.7 percent for office and 1.5 percent for industrial, Trepp said.

Source: Trepp

 

Spike 2.0

June’s performance is also notable because most of the increase came from a sharp spike in delinquencies in CMBS 2.0 loans—those that were originated in 2010 or later, after the global financial crisis. CMBS virtually closed shop in 2008 and 2009 because investors had no stomach to buy loans that loosely underwritten. When it came back in 2010, securitization programs were careful to implement conservative loan terms such as low leverage and strong cash flow.

While standards have loosened to some degree as volume increased over the last decade, the market has remained far more disciplined than it did in the run-up to the last recession. That is reflected in the extremely low CMBS 2.0 default rate. The conduit CMBS default rate was under 0.5 percent from January 2010 to April 2018, when it reached 0.65 percent, and was only 1.2 percent when the effects of the coronavirus hit in April of this year, according to Moody’s/Trepp.

The delinquency rate of CMBS 2.0 conduit loans jumped to 4.4 percent in June, however, and seem likely to keep rising in coming months, Moody’s/Trepp said, even though three of the five major property types continue to perform reasonably well.

Source: Moody’s Investor Services/Trepp